Peter A. Stokes

Peter A. Stokes
Directeur d'études (approx. 'Research Professor')
École Pratique des Hautes Études – Université PSL (Paris)
Section des Sciences Historiques et Philologiques
UMR 8546 Archéologie et Philologie d’Orient et d’Occident
            King's College London (for 2010–17)
HAL:     peter-stokes     IdRef: 181239310
Contact: See the EPHE website for current contact details.


All publications are single-authored unless otherwise specified.


Major Digital Resources (as Project Leader, Principal Investigator or Co-Investigator)

  • Co-Investigator: Exon: The Domesday Survey of South-West England, ed. by P.A. Stokes, Studies in Domesday, gen ed. J. Crick (London, 2018). Available at <>.
  • Co-Investigator: Models of Authority: Scottish Charters and the Emergence of Government 1100–1250. King's College London (2015–17). Available at <>.
  • Project leader: Archetype [formerly The DigiPal Framework] (open-source software for the analysis and presentation of palaeographical material and texts). King's College London (2014–). Available at <>. Version 2.7 at
    • Awarded the Medieval Academy of America prize for best Digital Humanities project (2016).
  • Principal Investigator: Digital Resource and Database for Palaeography, Manuscripts and Diplomatic. King's College London (2011–14). Available at <>.
  • Sole Analyst and Developer: HandAnalyser and ImageViewer software (first 'alpha' release 30 Sept. 2009). Available at <> Java software for quantitative palaeographical analysis and for viewing and enhancing images of damaged manuscripts, as described in contributions to Rehbein et al. and Carruthers et al. respectively.

Edited Volumes

Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

  • Stokes, P.A., B. Kiessling, D. Stökl Ben Ezra, R. Tissot, and H. Gargem. The eScriptorium VRE for Manuscript Cultures, in Ancient Manuscripts and Virtual Research Environments, ed. Claire Clivaz and Garrick V. Allen. Special issue of Classics@ 18 (2021). <>
  • Holistically Modelling the Medieval Book: Towards a Digital Contribution, Anglia: Zeitschrift für Englische Philologie 139 (2021): 6–31. doi:10.1515/ang-2021-0002
  • On Digital and Computational Humanities for Manuscript Studies: Where Have we Been, Where are we Going?, Manuscript Cultures 15 (2020): 37–46. <>
  • P.A. Stokes and Geoffroy Noël, Exon Domesday : Méthodes numériques appliquées à la codicologie pour l'étude d'un manuscrit anglo-normand. Tabularia : Sources écrites des mondes normands médiévaux [s.n.] (2019), 23pp. doi:10.4000/tabularia.4118
  • Scribal Attribution Across Multiple Scripts: A Digitally-Aided Approach, Speculum 92 (2017): S65–85. doi:10.1086/693968
  • Digital Approaches to Palaeography and Book History: Some Challenges, Present and Future, Frontiers in Digital Humanities 2:5 (2015). doi:10.3389/fdigh.2015.00005 'Specialty Grand Challenge' article
  • T. Blanke, E. Pierazzo and P.A. Stokes, Digital Publishing: Experiences in the Digital Humanities, Logos 25 (2014): 16–27. doi:10.1163/1878-4712-11112041
  • T. Hassner, M. Rehbein, P.A. Stokes and L. Wolf (eds), Computation and Palaeography: Potentials and Limits, Dagstuhl Manifestos 2 (2013): 14–35. doi:10.4230/DagMan.2.1.14 Full-length peer-reviewed version
    • Summary published in Informatik Spektrum 36:2 (2013): 196–98. doi:10.1007/s00287-013-0690-3
    • Reprinted in Kodikologie und Paläographie im Digitalen Zeitalter 3 — Codicology and Palaeography in the Digital Age 3, ed. by O. Duntze et al. Schriften des Instituts für Dokumentologie und Editorik 10 (Norderstedt, 2015), pp. 1–27. urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-76986
  • The Vision of Leofric: Manuscript Text and Context, Review of English Studies 63 (2012): 529–50. doi:10.1093/res/hgr052. Open Access copy also available
  • The Problem of Grade in Post-Conquest Vernacular Minuscule, New Medieval Literatures 13 (2011): 23–47. doi:10.1484/J.NML.1.102438
  • Digital Resource and Database for Palaeography, Manuscripts and Diplomatic, Gazette du livre médiéval 56–57 (2011): 141–2. doi:10.3406/galim.2011.1991
  • M. Maniaci et al., Table ronde. Applications actuelles de l’informatique à la paléographie: quelles méthodes pour quelles finalité́s?, Gazette du livre médiéval 56–57 (2011): 119–30. <>
  • The Digital Dictionary, Florilegium 26 (2009): 37–69. <> A study of the use of technology in the Dictionary of Old English.
  • King Edgar's Charter for Pershore (AD 972), Anglo-Saxon England 37 (2008): 31–78. doi:10.1017/S0263675109990159. Open Access copy also available
  • Palaeography and Image Processing: Some Solutions and Problems, Digital Medievalist 3 (2007/8). doi:10.16995/dm.15
  • The Regius Psalter, 198v: A Reexamination, Notes & Queries 54 (2007): 208–11. doi:10.1093/notesj/gjm152
  • Shoots and Vines: Some Models for the Ascenders and Descenders of English Vernacular Minuscule, Quaestio: Selected Proceedings of the Cambridge Colloquium in Anglo-Saxon, Norse, and Celtic 5 (2005): 98–109.

Peer-Reviewed Proceedings and Chapters in Books

  • C. Trips and P.A. Stokes, From Original Sources to Linguistic Analysis: Tools and Datasets for the Investigation of Multlingualism in Medieval English, in Medieval English in a Multilingual Context: Current Methodologies and Approaches , ed. by S.M. Pons-Sanz and L. Sylvester, New Approaches to Historical Linguistics (London, 2023), pp. 49–91. doi:10.1007/978-3-031-30947-2_3
  • E. Pierazzo and P.A. Stokes, Old Books, New Books and Digital Publishing. In The Bloomsbury Handbook to the Digital Humanities, ed. by J. O'Sullivan (London: Bloomsbury, 2023), pp. 233–44. doi:10.5040/
  • Insular Script, in The Oxford Handbook of Latin Palaeography, ed. by R.G. Babcock and F. Coulson (Oxford, 2020): 213–33. doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195336948.013.108
  • Palaeography, Codicology and Stemmatology, in Handbook of Stemmatology: History, Methodology, Digital Approaches, ed. by P. Roelli. (De Gruyter, 2020), pp. 46–56. doi:10.1515/9783110684384-002
  • Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, 367, Part II: A Study in (Digital) Codicology, in Medieval Manuscripts in the Digital Age, ed. by B. Albritton, G. Henley, and E. Treharne, Digital Research in the Arts and Humanities (London, 2020), pp. 64–73. doi:10.4324/9781003003441-7
  • La paléographie et la diplomatique numérique pour l’exploitation d’un corpus de chartes : l’exemple de « Models of Authority », in Actes royaux et princiers à l'ère du numérique (Moyen Âge – Temps Modernes), ed. by O. Canteaut, O. Guyotjeannin and O. Poncet (Pau, 2020), pp. 71–78. <>
  • E. Pierazzo and P.A. Stokes, The New Textual Technologies, in A New Companion to the History of the Book, ed. by J. Rose and S. Elliott (Chichester, 2019), pp. 677–89. doi:10.1002/9781119018193.ch45
  • B. Kiessling, R. Tissot, P.A. Stokes and D. Stökl Ben Ezra, eScriptorium: An Open Source Platform for Historical Document Analysis, in ICDAR-OST: Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Open Services and Tools for Document Analysis (2019): 19–24. doi:10.1109/ICDARW.2019.10032
  • Change and Variation in Eleventh-Century English Script, in Change in Medieval and Renaissance Scripts and Manuscripts, ed. by M. Schubert and E. Overgaauw, Bibliologia 50 (Turnhout, 2019), pp. 37–46.
  • Rule and Variation in Eleventh-Century Minuscule Script, in Ruling the Script: Formal Aspects of Medieval Written Communication (Books, Charters, and Inscriptions), ed. by S. Barret, D. Stutzmann and G. Vogeler. Utrecht Studies in Medieval Literacy 35 (Turnhout, 2016), pp. 489–508. doi:10.1484/M.USML-EB.5.112447
  • S. Brookes, P.A. Stokes, M. Watson, and Débora Marques de Matos, The DigiPal Project for European Scripts and Decorations, in Writing Europe 500–1450: Texts and Contexts, ed. by A. Conti, O. da Rold and P. Shaw. Essays and Studies n.s. 68 (2015): 25–58.
  • Palaeography and the "Virtual Library" of Manuscripts, in Digitizing Medieval and Early Modern Material Culture, ed. by B. Nelson and M. Terras. New Technologies in Medieval and Renaissance Studies 3 (Tempe, AZ, 2012), pp. 137–69.
  • Recovering Anglo-Saxon Erasures: Some Questions, Tools and Techniques, in Palimpsests and the Literary Imagination of Medieval England, ed. by L. Carruthers, R. Chai-Elsholz and T. Silec (New York, 2011), pp. 35–60.
  • Rewriting the Bounds: Pershore's Powick and Leigh, in Place-Names, Language and the Anglo-Saxon Landscape, ed. by N.J. Higham and M.J. Ryan (Woodbridge, 2011), pp. 195–206.
  • Teaching Manuscripts in the "Digital Age", in Kodikologie und Paläographie im Digitalen Zeitalter 2 — Codicology and Palaeography in the Digital Age 2, ed. by F. Fischer, C. Fritze and G. Vogeler, in collaboration with B. Assmann, M. Rehbein and P. Sahle. Schriften des Instituts für Dokumentologie und Editorik 3 (Norderstedt, 2010), pp. 229–45. urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-43521
  • E. Pierazzo and P.A. Stokes, Putting the Text back into Context: A Codicological Approach to Manuscript Transcription, in Kodikologie und Paläographie im Digitalen Zeitalter 2 — Codicology and Palaeography in the Digital Age 2, ed. by F. Fischer, C. Fritze and G. Vogeler, in collaboration with B. Assmann, M. Rehbein and P. Sahle. Schriften des Instituts für Dokumentologie und Editorik 3 (Norderstedt, 2010), pp. 397–430. urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-43605
  • Computer-Aided Palaeography, Present and Future, in Kodikologie und Paläographie im Digitalen Zeitalter — Codicology and Palaeography in the Digital Age, ed. by M. Rehbein, P. Sahle and T. Schaan, unter Mitarbeit von Bernhard Assmann, Franz Fischer and Christiane Fritze. Schriften des Instituts für Dokumentologie und Editorik 2 (Norderstedt, 2009), pp. 313–42. urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-29782. Full-length peer-reviewed version
  • P.A. Stokes and E. Pierazzo, Encoding the Language of Landscape: XML and Databases at the Service of Anglo-Saxon Lexicography, in Perspectives on Lexicography in Italy and Europe, ed. by S. Bruti, R. Cella, and M. Foschi Albert (Newcastle, 2009), pp. 203–38.

Working Papers, Reports and Peer-Reviewed Abstracts

Other Digital Resources and Data-Sets

Encyclopedia Entries, Booklets, and Book Reviews

Academic Blogs

Blogs are multi-authored but lead or co-lead by me.

Forthcoming (full text submitted and accepted for publication)

  • Humanités numériques et computationnelles appliquées à l’étude de l’écrit ancien, Annuaire de l'École pratique des hautes études: Section des sciences historiques et philologiques, 155 (2024). 3,000 words.
  • Aligning Archetype: Towards a Formal Model for a Transversal Palaeography, Comparative Oriental Manuscript Studies Bulletin. 7,000 words.

Under Review (full text submitted and awaiting response)

  • With Benjamin Kiessling, Sharing Data for Handwritten Text Recognition, in Routledge Companion to Digital Humanities in Practice, ed. by R. Lane et al. 6,000 words

In Preparation

  • Digitising Early Medieval England, Cambridge Elements: England in the Early Medieval World (Cambridge: CUP)
  • Describing Handwriting: Palaeography, Digital Humanities and Graphematics for a Transversal Model of Writing (Turnhout: Brepols).